General principles of planning and performing plastic surgery
According to the definition of the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons, aesthetic surgery is a field of surgery that deals with changing the appearance, shape and relationships of the anatomical structures of any areas of the human body, which (areas) should not differ significantly from the norm in appearance and take into account the age and ethnic characteristics of a particular person. ......Plastic surgery is popular topic check these!
Cosmetic operations must be performed in strictly defined situations, in accordance with the decision of a competent specialist and in such a way as not to damage the physical and mental health of the person. The following features of aesthetic surgery can be distinguished:
the ultimate goal of aesthetic surgery is not to restore the patient's lost health, but to improve the quality of his life;
aesthetic surgery is aimed at improving the appearance of practically healthy people, therefore, operations in most cases are performed on normal tissues, albeit changed with age;
it is optional, since operations can be done or not; although refusal to intervene does not directly affect health, age-related changes in a person's appearance can create a strong inferiority complex in him, which can lead, in turn, to a depressive state that affects the general state of health;
since aesthetic surgery is not mandatory for the patient, he must pay for it, since the state and insurance companies pay only for those types of operations that are necessary to return a person to a normal state from a state of illness;
in 95% of cases, the patients are women; this is due to the following reasons:
a) the peculiarities of the psychology of women are determined by the fact that for them, in general, appearance is more important than for men;
6) the birth of a child (especially two or more) always significantly changes the figure of a woman, the shape of the mammary glands, relaxes the anterior abdominal wall; this, in turn, can change family relationships;
c) many unmarried women often consider defects in appearance as the reasons for their loneliness;
d) for many women, the correction of appearance significantly increases the chances of getting a certain job;
- patients often consider the desired change in their appearance to be easily achievable, underestimating the complexity and risk of operations.
The history of the development of aesthetic surgery.
The rapid progress of aesthetic surgery began in the second half of the 20th century, and each of the industrialized countries experienced a boom in the popularity of plastic surgery. Currently, in countries with a high standard of living of the population, aesthetic surgery is the most important field of medicine. It is of great social importance, as it can significantly affect the institution of the family and even the development of business. The Role of Appearance in Human Life Caring for your appearance is a natural trait of any normal person. Each society has its own standards of beauty and its own hierarchy of values in the question of what is "good" and what is "bad" looks.
But, despite significant differences, in each society, the standards of attractiveness are quite specific. Moreover, the desire to decorate your body since ancient times manifested itself in a wide variety of forms: from outlandish hairstyles and hair coloring to the use of jewelry and makeup, from tattoos and various clothes to piercing nostrils and ears, etc. Modern patients, coming to a cosmetic surgeon, often are asked to consider the criterion of the appearance of those people whom they want or do not want to be like. Appearance plays a huge role in the life of a modern person. This is part of the attitude, an attribute of the profession, gender relations, family relationships.
Self-perception as an important part of the perception of the world. How much a person likes or dislikes himself largely determines the quality of his life and the incentive to change his appearance. At the same time, a person perceives his appearance and himself as an important part of the world around him, and the deterioration of his appearance means for him a decrease in the quality of life. Individual volitional qualities (along with other important circumstances) are expressed in the following basic types of people's reactions to the deterioration of self-esteem.
Positive-passive - a person is satisfied with his appearance, but does nothing to preserve it. Smoking, overweight leads to a rapid loss of previously good external data, after which there may be an incentive for surgery.
Positively active - a woman looks after her appearance and figure, keeping slender and graceful, and is inclined to see a surgeon very early, as she is not satisfied with even the initial signs of aging. Many of these patients are operated on repeatedly, performing operations with